The photo confirmed some theories about planetary education and, on the whole, will allow scientists to clarify this process.
The International Group of Astronomers from the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy in Germany managed to get the first ever snapshot of a newborn planet with the help of the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory (ESO).
The new planet is named after the young dwarf star PDS 70, which is in the constellation Centaurus in 370 light years from Earth. The picture clearly shows how PDS 70b is formed inside the gas-dust disk. A dark circle in the center is a star, the blinding light from which is especially hidden by the coronagraph to see the rest of the objects. To the right of the star is a bright spot – this is the newly formed planet PDS 70b in the form of a protoplanetary disk.
PDS 70b is located from its star at a distance of about 3 billion km. It’s about like from Uranus to the Sun. With the help of the SPHERE tool on the Very Large Telescope, scientists learned some of its properties, including brightness at different wavelengths. This allowed us to determine that the atmosphere of the planet is cloudy.
PDS 70b is a gas giant with a mass larger than that of Jupiter. Its surface temperature at the moment is 1000 degrees Celsius. This is more than any other planet in the solar system.
Previously, astronomers had already observed the formation of planets in discs around young stars, but they were always part of them. This is the first time that scientists have recorded a separate newborn planet. Further observation of the PDS 70b will make it possible to learn more about planetary education, as there is still no complete clarity in this process.
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